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Map of our walking Holidays in Bulgaria

Bulgaria is one of the oldest European States with 20-century-old history and traditions. Modern Bulgaria is situated in Southeastern Europe in the Balkan Peninsula – a busy crossroad of ancient cultures.

For centuries the roads passing through the territory of the country have been connecting Europe with Asia and Africa. Four common European transport corridors connecting West and North Europe with the eastern and southern part of the continent cross their roads here.

Bulgaria is also known for its picturesque nature and rich cultural heritage. According to the statistics the country ranks third in Europe only after Greece and Italy for the number of its valuable archeological monuments.

Bulgaria joined the European Union on the 1st of January 2007 and the official language is Bulgarian.

Location

Bulgaria is a country situated in south-eastern Europe bordering Romania Serbia the Republic of Macedonia Greece Turkey and the Black Sea. Its northern border with Romania follows the Danube river until Silistra. The land area of Bulgaria is 110550 square kilometers slightly larger than that of Iceland or the USA state of Tennessee. Considering its small size, Bulgaria has a great variety of topographical features. Even within small parts of the country, the land may be divided into plains, plateaus, hills, mountains, basins, gorges and deep river valleys.


Topography

The main characteristic of Bulgaria's topography is alternating bands of high and low terrain that extend east to west across the country. From north to south, those bands are the Danubian Plain, Stara Planina (the Balkan Mountains), the central Thracian Plain and the Rodopi Mountains. The easternmost sections near the Black Sea are hilly, but they gradually gain height to the west until the westernmost part of the country is entirely high ground.

More than two-thirds of the country is plains, plateaus, or hilly land at an altitude less than 600 m. Plains (below 200 m) make up 31 % of the land, plateaus and hills (200 to 600 m) 41 %, low mountains (600 to 1,000 m) 10 %, medium-sized mountains (1,000 to 1,500 m) 10 %, and high mountains (over 1,500 m) 3 %. The average altitude in Bulgaria is 470 m.

Climate in the Rodopi Mountains

The location of the Rodopis in the southeastern part of the Balkan Peninsula determines the climate in the region to a great extent. It is influenced both by the colder air coming from the north and by the warmer breeze from the Mediterranean.

The mild climate combined with some other factors, works in favour of the development of recreation and tourist activities.

Mythology

The Rodopis are widely considered to be the mythological birthplace of legendary singer and lyre player Orpheus and his wife Eurydice. Additionally, there are archeological sites throughout the region related to the cult of Dionysus, such as the ancient Thracian city of Perperikon. In Greek mythology, Queen Rhodope of Thrace, the wife of King Haemus, was changed into the Rodopi Mountains by Zues and Hera as a punishment.



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